Indonesia continues to strive to maintain national food security. Domestic rice production has also been significantly increased to achieve rice self-sufficiency.
Indonesia has also created a robust food agriculture system as a result of the government’s commitment to working with all levels of society. These commitments include the construction of dams, ponds, new high yielding varieties, balanced fertilization, agricultural mechanization, control of Plant Destruction Organisms (OPT), People’s Business Credit (KUR), and agricultural extension.
Towards the 77th Independence Day of the Republic of Indonesia, Indonesia received an award from the International Rice Research Institute in recognition of a robust food-agricultural system and rice self-sufficiency from 2019 to 2021 through the use of rice innovation technology. The award was given to President Joko Widodo at the State Palace, Sunday (14/8/2022).
On that occasion, the Coordinating Minister for Economic Affairs Airlangga Hartarto was also present directly accompanying the president to receive the award. “In the midst of global food challenges, Indonesia has a good foundation so that the agricultural sector shows its resilience and also during the pandemic managed to become a buffer,” he said after accompanying the president at the award ceremony.
The agricultural sector in 2021 will grow 1.84 percent year on year (yoy) and contribute to the national economy by 13.28 percent. Then in the second quarter of 2022, the agricultural sector showed consistency with positive growth of 1.37 percent yoy and contributed 12.98 percent to the national economy.
This positive trend also helped maintain the welfare of farmers with the highest achievement of Farmer Exchange Rates (NTP) in March 2022, which was 109.29, while the NTP in July 2022 was recorded at 104.25.
Meanwhile, the national food prognosis for 2022, especially for rice commodities, shows a surplus of 7.5 million tons. This continues the positive trend of self-sufficiency in rice with rice production in 2020 at 31.4 million tons and in 2021 at 31.2 million tons. This shows that the relatively stable condition of rice production from year to year has a positive impact on maintaining national rice prices at the consumer level.
“The rice self-sufficiency that has been achieved is of course still faced with various challenges from the upstream side to the downstream side. So the government continues to increase various improvement efforts,” he said.
For information, the national rice productivity in 2020 will be at 5.13 tons per ha and in 2021 it will increase to 5.23 tons per ha. The government continues to make efforts to improve seed quality, implementation of Good Agricultural Practices (GAP), improvement of agricultural infrastructure, post-harvest handling, utilization of agricultural technology, expansion of planting area through paddy fields, determination of protected rice fields, assistance of agricultural tools and machinery, as well as financial assistance through KUR.
“Sustainable and integrated agricultural development from upstream to downstream as well as utilizing technology, is a prerequisite for increasing commodity competitiveness. Both for domestic fulfillment and export orientation,” said Airlangga.
In terms of seeds, he continued, the Sukamandi Subang Rice Research Center has produced Inpari 32 and Inpari 42 with productivity reaching 12 tons/ha. It continues to be consistently driven and implemented on a large scale.