11 Causes of Dizziness during Pregnancy and How to Overcome It


Dizziness during pregnancy is caused by hormonal changes that are commonly experienced by pregnant women, this can take place with mild to severe intensity. Find out the symptoms, causes, and how to deal with dizziness during pregnancy, in full below.

The Difference Between Pregnancy Dizziness and Normal Dizziness

Dizziness during pregnancy is normal, but it can be a sign of a serious pregnancy condition.

According to medical reports, 39% of pregnant women experience headaches. The symptoms of these headaches range from mild to moderate intensity, but most are harmless because they occur due to natural hormonal changes.

Here are the most common symptoms of dizziness during pregnancy:

  • Throbbing headache.
  • Severe headache on one or both sides of the head.
  • Sharp headache on the back side.
  • Headache near the eye.

Migraine symptoms in pregnant women may also occur, including:

  • Nauseous.
  • Vomit.
  • Severe headache on one side of the head.
  • Seeing like there is a flash of light when a migraine strikes.
  • Feeling a blind spot during a migraine.

Causes of dizziness during pregnancy

The characteristics of headaches due to pregnancy above may occur in most pregnant women. Although they tend to be harmless, a very painful and unexplained headache in pregnant women can be a sign of a serious pregnancy disorder.

Here are some causes of dizziness in pregnant women, among them:

1. Hormone Changes

Pregnant women experience sudden changes in the hormones estrogen and progesterone. The increase in these hormones affects both physically and mentally, including causing symptoms of nausea, vomiting, headaches, mood swings, and others.

These hormonal changes play a role in helping the development of the fetus, the flow of nutrients to the fetus, and increasing the formation of blood vessels. Dilated blood vessels will lower blood pressure, causing nausea and dizziness during pregnancy.

2. Lack of rest

One of the common conditions that occurs during pregnancy is getting tired quickly either physically or mentally, but hormonal changes and physical changes that occur may make it difficult for you to sleep. This condition can trigger frequent dizziness during pregnancy, moreover, the blood pressure of young pregnant women tends to be low.

3. Physical and Mental Stress

Most women may feel happy with their pregnancy, but that doesn’t mean a woman doesn’t feel stressed. Symptoms of stress during pregnancy are common, the consequences of which range from physical discomfort to changes in daily life.

Pregnant women who are constantly under stress will experience dizziness, high blood pressure, and increase the risk of pregnancy disorders. Therefore, pregnant women must manage stress for the sake of their health and that of their babies.

4. High Blood Pressure

Headaches during pregnancy may also be a sign that you have high blood pressure. Other symptoms if you have high blood pressure during pregnancy are:

  • Nosebleed.
  • Red face.
  • Short breath.
  • Impaired vision.
  • Difficulty regulating coordination or body balance.

Immediately consult a doctor if you have the above symptoms of high blood pressure during pregnancy.

5. Dehydration

Make sure you meet your daily fluid needs of 8-12 glasses. Minerals play an important role for the body to deliver nutrients to the fetus. Dehydration in pregnant women can cause dizziness, weakness, fatigue, to serious pregnancy complications.

6. Muscle Tension

Pregnant women experience changes in body posture periodically as the baby grows in the stomach. This condition can also trigger muscle tension, aches, dizziness, fatigue, and other common physical symptoms.

7. Caffeine Withdrawal

Caffeine withdrawal is a symptom of dizziness that occurs when you stop consuming caffeine suddenly, including the caffeine in tea or coffee. Based on doctor’s recommendations, every pregnant woman should limit caffeine intake to 200 mg per day.

8. Hunger

In the early trimester, pregnant women tend to experience an increase in appetite, especially when symptoms of nausea and vomiting ( morning sickness ) come.

Pregnant women will feel hungry almost all the time because of the influence of nutritional needs and baby development. If the need for food is delayed or not fulfilled, pregnant women will experience general symptoms such as dizziness, weakness, and lack of energy.

9. Lack of Oxygen

Lack of oxygen supply to the brain will cause symptoms of dizziness. In addition, pregnant women must also share oxygen in the bloodstream with the fetus. If the supply of oxygen is not sufficient to carry out all the functions of the body’s organs, the first common symptom that is felt is dizziness.

10. Strained Eyes

The most common cause of dizziness during pregnancy is eye strain. For example, you may not be aware of using your phone or computer for so long that you feel dizzy. What’s more, pregnant women are more sensitive and vision changes may make you dizzy more quickly.

11. Pre-Eclampsia/Impending Eclampsia

Preeclampsia is a pregnancy disorder in which a pregnant woman’s kidneys leak protein and increase blood pressure. If you have a severe headache, you should go to a health center or hospital to check your blood pressure and urine protein.

Blood pressure above 160 mmHg and positive urine protein need to be watched out for and closely monitored because of the risk of seizures and symptoms of preeclampsia.

Causes of Dizziness Based on Gestational Age

The following are some of the factors that cause dizziness during pregnancy based on gestational age:

First Trimester

A woman’s body undergoes drastic changes in the first trimester due to an increase in hormones that occur along with an increase in blood count. In this condition, women will experience weight gain which may be followed by several types of headaches.

Other conditions that make headaches worse during early pregnancy:

  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Nutritional deficiency.
  • Stress.
  • Dehydration.
  • Rarely exercise.
  • Low blood sugar.
  • Sensitive to light.
  • Lack of sleep.

In addition, the consumption of certain foods may trigger headache symptoms such as chocolate or other dairy products.

Second and Third Trimester

The cause of headaches in the second and third trimesters is due to hormonal changes. In addition, your body is constantly adapting to the physical changes that follow.

At this stage, headache symptoms are also exacerbated by several factors, namely:

  • Overweight.
  • High blood pressure.
  • Muscles tense.
  • Changes in body posture.
  • Lack of sleep.
  • Poor diet.

These are some of the causes of headaches during pregnancy. This condition is common, but you still need to consult your doctor regularly.

How to Overcome Dizziness during Pregnancy

The following are some steps you can take to relieve headaches during pregnancy, including:

  • Rest in a dark room: You can rest in a dark and quiet room for a few moments. You can also take a short nap to restore the condition for the better.
  • Compress: Apply warm or cold water to the sore head to relieve the symptoms naturally. Compresses can relax the muscles in the head.
  • Bathing: The easiest way to reduce nausea and dizziness during early pregnancy is to take a shower. You can relax with a warm bath.
  • Use essential oils: Try inhaling your favorite essential oil to relax tense muscles and relax you.
  • Massage or acupuncture: These methods can relieve headaches, but you may want to talk to your doctor to ask if these natural remedies are safe to use during pregnancy.
  • Call your doctor: If the headache symptoms are very painful and unexplained, it’s best to contact your doctor to check for any problems or pregnancy complications.

In addition, pregnant women are recommended to have regular checkups, including:

  • Blood pressure check.
  • Blood test.
  • Blood sugar check.
  • Eye examination.
  • Ultrasound examination.
  • Heart check.

Headaches during pregnancy are common and normal in the first trimester of pregnancy. If you still experience headaches in the last trimester of pregnancy, it may be a sign of a more serious pregnancy disorder.

Consult your doctor if you experience headaches or other worrying symptoms during pregnancy. Don’t forget to eat healthy, exercise diligently, and live a healthy lifestyle during pregnancy so that your baby will be born healthy.

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