Tooth decay is a condition that can occur at any age. If you have this condition, then knowing how to properly treat cavities is something really important.
Various Ways to Treat Tooth Cavities
The sooner you get treatment, the sooner you can prevent tooth decay from getting worse. Spatial dental treatment usually depends on how severe the condition is. If the cavities are not deep enough, your doctor may recommend home treatment.
The following are options for how to treat cavities, among them:
1. Reduce sugary foods and drinks
So that cavities do not get deeper, limit the consumption of sugary foods and drinks. Sugar is the highest risk factor for cavities. Limit sugar intake to less than 10 percent of total calorie intake per day.
After reducing sugar intake, this will give the tooth enamel time to remineralize. But if you eat sugary foods all the time, your teeth don’t have time to remineralize.
2. Increase intake of minerals and vitamin D
Some minerals such as calcium, phosphorus, and magnesium can help form tooth structure. Lack of these minerals is known to cause problems with absorption of nutrients, an increased risk of bleeding gums, and tooth loss.
In addition, vitamin D is also very important in forming healthy teeth, preventing dental caries, and releasing calcium in saliva for mineralization of tooth enamel. Therefore, this vitamin is one way to treat and prevent the development of cavities.
3. Use fluoride toothpaste
Fluoride is a mineral that plays an important role in preventing cavities and remineralizing teeth. Thorough research results have shown that regular brushing with a fluoride-containing toothpaste can prevent cavities.
Therefore, brush your teeth regularly twice a day; morning and evening before going to bed.
4. Oil pulling
This natural way of treating cavities is done by gargling with oils, such as sesame oil, clove oil, and coconut for about 20 minutes.
Treatment with oil pulling is believed to reduce plaque, gum inflammation, and the number of bacteria in the mouth. However, more research is needed to confirm its effectiveness.
5. Aloe vera gel
Another natural way to treat cavities is to use aloe vera gel. The antibacterial effect in aloe vera gel is believed to help fight cavities-causing bacteria.
A 2017 study found that using aloe vera with tea tree oil as an oral disinfectant was effective at reducing bacteria
6. Avoid phytic acid
Phytic acid is thought to trigger tooth decay because it inhibits the absorption of many minerals and their bioavailability, including minerals such as iron, zinc , and calcium.
Some people believe that avoiding phytic acid in your daily diet can help prevent tooth decay and cavities.
Phytic acid can be found in cereals and legumes, including corn, oats, rice, rye, kidney beans, black beans, and fava beans.
7. Using licorice root
Using extracts from the licorice plant can help fight the bacteria ( Streptococcus mutans / S. mutans ) that causes cavities.
According to a 2019 study, the antibacterial properties of licorice root extract are as effective as chlorhexidine mouthwash and stronger than fluoride mouthwash.
Another study found that using licorice extract in candies significantly reduced S. mutans in the mouth and prevented cavities. However, this claim still requires greater research.
8. Fluoride treatment
If cavities begin to develop, fluoride treatment can help restore tooth enamel and can sometimes remove cavities at an early stage.
Fluoride treatment at the dentist can be a liquid, gel, foam, or varnish that is applied to the teeth.
9. Tooth Fillings
Tooth fillings are performed when tooth decay has progressed beyond the initial stage.
Fillings are made of a variety of materials, such as a tooth-colored composite resin, porcelain, or amalgam (which is a combination of several materials).
This treatment involves removing decay from the tooth, then filling it with porcelain, amalgam, or tooth-colored resin.
10. Root canal treatment
This treatment may be necessary when the decay has spread to the inside of the tooth (pulp). Root canal treatment is useful for repairing and rescuing severely damaged or infected teeth, instead of pulling them out.
If there is severe pain in the pulp, surgical removal of the pulp can be performed. Sometimes, medication can be inserted into the root canal to clear the infection, then the pulp is replaced with a filling.
11. Installing dental crowns
If the tooth is extensively decayed or brittle, a dental crown may be required. Dental crowns can be made of gold, high strength porcelain, resin, porcelain fused to metal or other materials.
The dentist will drill through all decayed areas and remaining teeth to ensure a proper fit. Dental crowns can be made of gold, high strength porcelain, resin, porcelain fused to metal or other materials.