The National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN) collaborates with various stakeholders, especially local governments and the national fishing industry. Cooperation is carried out to build and develop local fish farming centers.
This effort is part of building national animal protein independence, especially to address the problem of stunting in Indonesia. “As an early stage to overcome this stunting problem, it is important for Indonesia to build a national animal protein independence, so that it becomes cheaper and affordable for various groups of people,” said Head of the Biological and Environmental Research Organization (OR HL), Iman Hidayat while reviewing research facilities. Freshwater Tor Fish in Bogor, reported by the BRIN press release, Friday, September 2, 2022.
According to Iman, one of the main contributions to the problem of stunting in Indonesia is the average protein consumption of the Indonesian people which is still minimal. This is because the prices of various protein sources such as fish, eggs and milk are still quite expensive for most Indonesians.
“Protein is the main component of food that the body needs for cell growth and regeneration,” he said.
To anticipate this, said Iman, several researchers from the Applied Zoological Research Center have succeeded in developing cultivation and spawning technology, especially local fish such as Dewa fish (Tor fish), baung fish, and belida fish. Mastery of key technologies such as aquaculture technology is the starting point in building national local fish farming industry centers in various regions of the archipelago.
In addition, with the success of local fish farming, it will help conservation because it reduces illegal fishing activities in their natural habitat. “Our research team has succeeded in mastering the key technology for the cultivation of baung fish, torfish, and other local fish species,” he added.
Meanwhile, Tor fish researcher at the Center for Applied Zoological Research, Otong Zenal Arifin, said that Indonesia has four types of Tor fish. The four types in question are Tor Soro fish, Tor Douronensis fish, Tor Tambroides fish and Tor Tambra fish.
Tor Soro and Tor Tambra are found in Java, Tor Douronensis in Sumatra and Tor Tambroides are found in Kalimantan. “Currently, what are being developed by BRIN researchers are Tor Soro, Tor Douronensis fish, Tor Tambroides fish, while the Tor tambra population is still being collected and very difficult to find,” he said.
The researcher who is a member of the Aquatic Fauna Zootechnical Research Group also added that Tor fish has a very high selling power in both domestic and foreign markets. For export markets, especially to Malaysia, China, Singapore, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Macau.
In Indonesia, the price of Tor fish is quite expensive because it has a cultural aspect. Like Tor Soro which is sacred in Kuningan, West Java and Sumatra.
The Potential of Baung Fish
Besides Tor Fish, Baung Fish is one of the commodities that are in great demand by consumers in Sumatra, Kalimantan and Java. Like in Magelang, the favorite type of baung fish culinary is the Mangut Beong type.
However, it is unfortunate that the supply of raw materials is still caught. Where continuity, uniformity of size and quantity matter. Guaranteed supply of raw materials will be maintained if it can be produced from the cultivation process.
Baung Fish Researcher at the BRIN Center for Applied Zoological Research, Jojo Subagja, said the supply for consumption of Baung Fish still relies on natural catches in several regions in Indonesia. Such as South Sumatra, Jambi and Riau, West Kalimantan and South Kalimantan.
“In the 2015 period, the catch of baung fish managed to become an export commodity, even the tonnage beat production from Malaysia. However, in 2019 and 2020 the catch decreased, this shows the population in nature is decreasing,” he said.
Jojo added that efforts to help the recovery of the Baung Fish population in the wild can be done by re-stocking , but this is still having problems. There are limitations in the provision of fish seeds for stocking which are produced from artificial production technology.